Types of Sedation

IV Sedation

IV Sedation is commonly used for anxious patients. The procedure involves inserting a small cannula into a vein in your hand or arm where sedative medications are administered to produce a relaxed experience for the patient, enabling the dentist to perform dental procedures. You are conscious at all times though are unlikely to remember anything about the treatment or feel any discomfort.

Step–by–Step:

  1. Explain procedure:
 We will first explain the procedure to you and tell you what to expect and how you are likely to feel. The assessment visit. We take base line blood pressure , Heart rate and oxygen saturation levels. we check for any allergies and medicines you may be on.  
  2. At the time of treatment if required , numbing gel:
can be placed on the skin area when the cannula will be inserted.
  3. Insert cannula. 
When you are ready, we will then place a thin cannula into your hand or arm and secure it in a position that feels comfortable.
  4. Introduce sedative drug: 
The sedative drug is then gradually administered through an injection at a controlled speed until we feel that you are at a relaxed enough state to receive treatment. You are conscious and can respond to instructions throughout.
  5. Dental treatment:
 Your dental treatment is carried out and while under the effect of IV sedation, your heart rate, oxygen saturation and blood pressure are closely monitored.
  6. Recovery: 
After your treatment, the sedative drug is removed and you recover at your own speed as the drug wears off. You may still feel a little sleepy afterwards.

Inhalation Sedation

Inhalation Sedation is a safe and simple procedure that is used for patients who are nervous or gag easily to make their treatment more comfortable. It uses a non allergenic and non irritating drug that is inhaled through a mask. Inhalation sedation can be used to assist children from 5 years to 95 years.

Step–by–Step:

  1. Explanation:
 Firstly we will explain the the whole procedure to you and make sure you feel comfortable and understand what will happen and how you are likely to feel.
  2. Placing the mask: 
A small mask is placed over your mouth and nose.
  3. Adjusting the gas: 
A mix of nitrous oxide and oxygen is adjusted to suit you and it is inhaled through a small and sterile nosepiece.
  4. Maintaing relaxed state:
 When you are in a relaxed and comfortable state, yet still able to respond to instructions, we will begin the dental procedure. The gas that is being inhaled will be continually monitored.
  5. Removing the mask:
 Once the dental treatment is completed, the drug will gentle be decreased until you are inhaling only oxygen through the nosepiece. The mask is carefully removed.

Oral Sedation

Oral sedation has similar effects and benefits of other sedative drugs used in dentistry, yet it can be taken in the form of a tablet. It allows you to comfortably undergo everything from a simple clean to extensive treatment. The medicine contained in the tablet is called Diazepam. 

Step–by–Step Guide:

  1. Arrive for appointment:
 Arrive one hour before your treatment time. The procedure and likely effects of the sedation pill will be explained to you again.
  2. Take tablet: 
The pill will be given to you at your appointment in order for you to swallow, one hour before your treatment.
  3. Relaxed state: 
By the time of your treatment, the sedative drug within tablet will be working to make you feel comfortable and relaxed.
  4. Dental treatment:
 Your dental treatment is carried out and while under the effect oral sedation, your heart rate, oxygen saturation and blood pressure are closely monitored.
  5. Recovery:
 The sedative drug gradually wears off towards the end of treatment and then you are given time to 'come round' . You may still feel a little sleepy afterwards but will probably remember very little about the treatment.